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Nature Journal

Notes about birds, mammals, wildflowers, insects, and more
 
 
Sunday, October 13, 2002
 
Yesterday morning I saw a whitetail doe browsing in the clearing below my house. I noticed that she had molted into her winter coat.

During the summer, the white-tailed deer have a reddish-brown coat. In the late summer or early autumn they molt into their winter coat of grayish brown, which consists of short hairs underneath and longer guard hairs. This coat can be up to 2 inches thick and provides the extra insulation the deer need in the winter.
 
 
Saturday, October 12, 2002
 
This is a photo of one section of a waterfall in this area. The water is extremely clear and the rocks are beautiful.

Here's another photo of a very pretty area above the main falls where there are shallow pools of water and another tiny waterfall.

Areas like this are good habitat for the Louisiana waterthrush, which prefers
woodlands near clear flowing water. Click to enlarge    
 
 
Friday, October 11, 2002
 
Saw a flock of juncos and tree sparrows near my house yesterday. They were busily feeding on the ground and searching the raspberry bushes for the few berries that are left.

Most years, I start seeing a lot of juncos in the fall and then I see them again when I put the bird feeders out (around December 1).

Last year was different. There were a lot of juncos passing through this area in the fall, but I didn't see much of them at the feeder during the winter. We'll see what this year brings.
 
 
Thursday, October 10, 2002
 
Wild Turkey Wing FeatherHere's a picture of a feather I found recently. It's the wing feather from a wild turkey. And here's a wild turkey's tail feather.

During the late summer and early fall, the wild turkey gradually goes through a full molt (a replacement of
its feathers). Click to enlarge    
 
 
Wednesday, October 9, 2002
 
The monarch butterfly migration is still in progress. Saw one myself a few days ago - feeding on an aster.

Here's a map showing where the monarch butterflies have been seen over the past six weeks or so. Click on any circle that has a black dot to see the written report for that sighting. This map also shows the area where the monarchs overwinter in Mexico.
 
 
Tuesday, October 8, 2002
 
Foliage at the PondWe're beginning to see more fall foliage color here in southern Vermont. The leaves on some trees are turning red and yellow, many are still green, and some are brown - or the leaves have already dropped.
They say that the best foliage color is coming soon. I hope they're right. With this New England weather, you never know what to expect. Click to enlarge    
 
 
Monday, October 7, 2002
 
Lately, the chipmunks have been making their "chip, chip, chip" sound all day long - except on rainy days. It is thought that the "chip" sound is a territorial sound, but it might have other meanings also.

Not sure why they'd be "chipping" more now than usual. Maybe because they are competing for the acorns that they're gathering for the winter??

The chipmunks will soon disappear into their burrows until spring. They spend most of the winter in a state of torpor, but wake up from time to time to eat some of their stored food. They will occasionally come outside on a warm day in late winter, only to disappear again when the weather gets colder.

Their sounds are a constant part of my environment during the spring, summer, and early fall. So I miss them when they retreat to their dens and am always glad to see them emerge again in the spring.
 
 
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