Dark-eyed Junco

Dark-eyed Junco

Dark-eyed Junco
(Junco hyemalis)

Order:  Passeriformes
Family:  Passerellidae

Photo © Steve Byland

Dark-eyed Junco Information

Length:  5 - 6.5"

Breeding habitat: Edges of coniferous and mixed forests, forest clearings, open woodlands, burned-over areas, wooded borders of streams.

Winter habitat: Weedy fields, brushy areas, roadsides, hedgerows, open woodlands, residential areas.

Diet:  Weed seeds and grass seeds; insects, including caterpillars, ants, grasshoppers, and beetles; spiders; some wild fruits.

  Songs and calls of the Dark-eyed Junco

Preferred Bird Feeder Food

Juncos favor millet, black oil sunflower hearts, and cracked corn. They also eat whole sunflower seeds, nyjer seed, and oats (uncooked).

This bird feeds on the ground or from a platform feeder.

Additional Information

Dark-eyed Junco
Facts about the habitat, diet, feeding behavior, nesting, and migration of this bird. Includes photos, range map and sounds. (From Audubon Field Guide)

Dark-eyed Junco

Dark-eyed Junco

© arttoday.com

Dark-eyed Junco
Identification Tips

  • Pink, conical bill
  • White outer tail feathers
  • Considerable geographic variation in plumage
  • Various forms were formerly considered separate species
"Slate-colored Junco"
  • Dark gray head, breast and upperparts
  • White belly
  • Female and immatures somewhat browner than adult male and may have buffy flanks
  • Breeds in eastern United States and Canada

(Credit: U. S. Geological Survey)

Breeding Bird Survey Map,

Dark-eyed Junco Breeding Map

(Image credit: USGS)

Winter Map from eBird

Sightings of the Dark-eyed Junco (all forms) Nov-Mar over last 10 years

Christmas Bird Count Map
Historical CBC Map from USGS