Fox Sparrow Identification Tips
(Credit: U. S. Geological Survey)
General Information
- Conical bill with yellow lower mandible
- Very large sparrow
- Thick malar streak
- Heavy spotting below
- Extremely variable plumage across range
- Sexes similar

Eastern United States
- Gray crown, nape and back
- Bright rusty rump and tail
- Rusty brown cheeks, malar streak, streaks on back,
  wings and spotting below

Western United States
- Dark brown to gray upperparts
- Wings and tail sometimes same color as back,
  sometimes browner
- Bill size very large in one race
- Spotting underneath usually very dark

Similar species
The Fox Sparrow is much larger than other sparrows and might at first be mistaken for a thrush but note the thick, conical bill.
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