Length: 10.5 - 11"
Habitat: Moist, early-successional woodlands near open fields or forest clearings; abandoned fields, brushy forest openings, wooded edges of streams and ponds, brushy edges of open swamps.
Habitat requirements: Clearings for courtship displays and nighttime roosting. Areas of soft, moist soil containing earthworms and with overhead cover. Young, open woodlands for nesting.
Diet: Earthworms (staple); insects, especially larvae of beetles and flies; spiders, millipedes, snails; some seeds and berries.
American Woodcock Camouflaged
© NNE & its licensors
(Credit: U. S. Geological Survey)
Breeding Bird Survey Map,
(Image credit: USGS)
Range in New England
The American Woodcock breeds throughout New England. The above BBS map does not reflect the true breeding range, possibly due to the difficulty in spotting this bird.
The woodcock winters mainly in the southeast U.S. It winters rarely on the coasts of Massachusetts and Maine.
Map from eBird
Year-round sightings of the American Woodcock (1900 - present)
Christmas Bird Count Map
Historical CBC Map from USGS