Nature Journal
with Photos

          
Dark-eyed Junco Identification Tips
(Credit: U. S. Geological Survey)
 
General Information
- Pink, conical bill
- White outer tail feathers
- Considerable geographic variation in plumage
- Various forms were formerly considered separate
   species

"Slate-colored junco"
- Dark gray head, breast and upperparts
- White belly
- Female and immatures somewhat browner than
   adult male and may have buffy flanks
- Breeds in eastern United States and Canada

"White-winged junco"
- Medium gray head, breast and upperparts
- White belly
- White wing bars
- Female and immatures somewhat browner than male
- Breeds from Montana to Nebraska

"Oregon junco"
- Dark gray head and breast
- Brown back and wings
- Buffy flanks
- White belly
- Female and immatures somewhat duller than male
- Breeds from Alaska to California

"Pink-sided junco"
- Medium gray head and breast
- Dark lores
- Brown back and wings
- Pinkinsh flanks
- White belly
- Female and immatures somewhat browner than male
- Breeds from Alberta to Idaho

"Gray-headed junco"
- Medium gray plumage, palest on belly
- Rusty back
- Dark lores
- Sometimes has dark upper mandible
- Breeds in Rocky Mountains

Similar species
The Dark-eyed Junco is similar to the local (southeast Arizona) Yellow-eyed Junco but has dark eyes. Black-chinned sparrow has streaked back, brown wings and lacks white in the tail.
 
 
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